In the 20th century, catatonia was usually deemed a subtype of schizophrenia. Recently, the nature and classification of catatonia are being reconsidered. This study is the first to describe catatonia using prospectively collected data and to examine how catatonic schizophrenia differs from, or resembles, other types of schizophrenia.
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Background: Literatures regarding clinical symptomatology and treatment response of catatonia are very few. Objective: To assess onset, clinical profile, diagnostic break up, treatment response and outcome in patients diagnosed as Catatonia, reported to a tertiary care hospital. Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in indoor of Mental Health Institute Centre of ExcellenceS.
The study is based on sibships with multiply afflicted members derived from a family study of consecutively admitted probands with catatonic schizophrenia. As shown recently, the clinical subtype of periodic catatonia, as defined by Leonhard, is compatible with a major gene effect and genetic anticipation; that is, the age of illness onset of the probands is significantly earlier than that of their parents. In the present study, 83 probands with the clinical subtype of periodic catatonia had 26 afflicted siblings that were distributed among 23 families.
The word catatonia comes from two Greek terms, katawhich means down, and tonaswhich means tension or tone. In this article, learn about the symptoms of catatonic depressionas well as treatment options and how to cope. Catatonic depression is a subtype of depression characterized by not speaking or seeming to be in a daze for a prolonged period.
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Catatonia is a state of psycho-motor immobility and behavioral abnormality manifested by stupor. Though catatonia has historically been related to schizophrenia catatonic schizophreniait is now known that catatonic symptoms are nonspecific and may be observed in other mental disorders and neurological conditions. In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSMcatatonia is not recognized as a separate disorder, but is associated with psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia catatonic typebipolar disorderpost-traumatic stress disorderdepression and other mental disorders, narcolepsyas well as drug abuse or overdose or both. It may also be seen in many medical disorders including infections such as encephalitisautoimmune disordersfocal neurologic lesions including strokesmetabolic disturbances, alcohol withdrawal  and abrupt or overly rapid benzodiazepine withdrawal.
Verified by Psychology Today. For the purpose of diagnosis, there are three types of catatonia, including catatonia associated with another mental disorder, catatonia disorder due to another medical condition, and unspecified catatonia. Catatonia is sometimes referred to as catatonic syndrome, because there is not just one identifying sign or symptom associated with this condition or symptoms that appear separately from one another, but rather a collection of several symptoms that appear together at the same time.