Homophobic and transphobic hate crimes, including stalking, harassment and violent assault, have more than doubled in England and Wales over five years, a Guardian analysis has shown. In the most recent year of data, police recorded 11, crimes, more than doubling from 4, during this period. Transphobic attacks have soared in recent years, trebling from reports to 1, over the period examined.
This report is intended to address the gaps in the current body of literature in both the traumatic stress field and the gay and lesbian literature. This overwhelming lack of literature has the potential to be very detrimental to professionals working with this population and in turn detrimental to the population and society. Evidence suggests that there may be a difference in how or if the potentially traumatic hate crime victimization experience manifests itself internally or in other forms because of the nature and severity of the victimization in one or both partners.
The history of violence against LGBT people in the United States is made up of assaults on gay menlesbiansbisexualand transgender individuals LGBTlegal responses to such violence, and hate crime statistics in the United States of America. People who are perceived to be LGBT may also be targeted. The violence that has occurred over the existence of the LGBT community has been very extensive considering how long the incidents have occurred.
American Law Reports provide detailed discussions concerning legal issues with extensive summaries of relevant court cases. Reference KF Matthew Shepard Web Archive - "Websites captured in the Matthew Shepard Web Crawl reflect a broad and in-depth coverage of the Shepard murder, memorials, and efforts that address inequalities based on gender and sexual orientation.
Recent research reveals that, over the course of their lifetimes, about one in five lesbian, gay, and bisexual Americans will experience hate violence. More than one in four transgender people face the same risk. Understanding the dynamics of such hate crimes and responses to them is obviously important if America is to successfully prevent and adequately deal with these harms.
Expand Revellers wave flags during a gay pride parade in downtown Madrid, Spain, July 2, The data, released last week, shows police recorded 14, crimes committed against people because of their sexual orientation in Police recorded a further 2, offenses against transgender people because of their gender identity.
Even before the shooting rampage at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Fla. Politicians have been divided on how to define the Orlando tragedy. Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader, has omitted any mention of gays when talking about the massacre, and Representative Pete Sessions of Texas has said the site of the shooting was not a gay club.
International Handbook of Violence Research pp Cite as. Perhaps the most egregious example to date has been the Holocaust, where six million Jews were killed by the Nazis and their collaborators. Other groups were also targeted by the Nazis, including 10, to 15, homosexual men who were arrested between and and deported to concentration camps Hamm ; Comstock It is alarming to note that the voices of xenophobia and racism are once again reverberating throughout German society.
National victimization surveys, as well as cases collected by civil society organizations and reported to ODIHR, also show a high number of anti-LGBT hate crime across the region. Homophobic and transphobic violence remains underreported across Europe. Trans-border efforts to tackle this phenomenon are yet to be cohesively developed. This considerably affects reporting of this phenomenon, which remains low in all Member States.