Hernias may be caused by congenital defects in the formation of body structures, defects in collagen synthesis and repair, trauma, or surgery. Conditions that increase intra-abdominal pressures, e. Preoperative: The surgical procedure and expected postoperative course are explained to the patient.
The canal of Nuckfirst described by Anton Nuck de in  is an abnormal patent open pouch of peritoneum extending into the labia majora of women. It is analogous to a patent processus vaginalis in males see hydroceleinguinal hernia. In rare cases, it may give rise to a cyst or a hydrocele in women and has potential to develop into an indirect inguinal hernia.
Hernia of canal of Nuck is an extension of peritoneal fold through the inguinal canal up to the labia majora. Defective obliteration of this peritoneal fold leads to herniation of abdominal content into the inguinal canal. Incidence of ovary and fallopian tube as contents of henia is rare overall and very rare in middle age women.
This weakening allows the uterus, urethra, bladder, or rectum to droop down into the vagina. If the pelvic floor muscles weaken enough, these organs can even protrude out of the vagina. If you do have symptoms, your symptoms will depend on the organ that is prolapsed.
Vaginal prolapse is a common condition where the bladder, uterus and or bowel protrudes into the vagina. This can cause symptoms such as a sensation of a vaginal lump, constipation, difficulty emptying the bowel or bladder or problems with sexual intercourse. Treatment is only recommended when the prolapse is symptomatic.
When Fergie sang about "lovely lady lumps," she certainly wasn't talking about hernias. But that's exactly what they are def not lovely tho —little bulges that occur when an internal organ pushes through the wall of muscle or tissue surrounding it, says Mary Ann Hopkins, M. But left untreated, certain hernias can lead to discomfort, pain, and more dangerous conditions like intestinal blockages and even gangrene.
REED, M. Patient information: See related handout on vulvodyniawritten by the author of this article. The diagnosis of vulvodynia is made after taking a careful history, ruling out infectious or dermatologic abnormalities, and eliciting pain in response to light pressure on the labia, introitus, or hymenal remnants.
Vaginal Rejuvenation Vs. Pelvic Floor Reconstruction? A recent development in pelvic floor surgery is the advent of Vaginal Rejuvenation Surgery.